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Toilet know How:

Call or Text us: 519-588-1970 or fill out this form that goes to our phones for us to do it!We do toilet installations and have certified licenced toilet installers in kitchener waterloo-

Toilet leaks can waste as much as four to five gallons of water per minute and cost you the consumer up to $300.00 per month in increased water and wastewater bills. toilet

Follow these simple instructions to find out if a leaky toilet is robbing you of precious gallons and dollars.

Toilet leaks occur in two ways and are often very difficult to detect. The most common toilet leak and often hardest to detect is caused by a deteriorated or defected flush valve (flapper) ball at the bottom of the toilet tank. If the flapper or ball valve does not seat properly and form water tight, seal water will leak around it into the toilet bowl. Often, this leak will occur without being heard. To test for this type of leak, add a few drops of food color or place a colored dye tablet (available from many hardware stores or possibly your water utility) in the toilet after it has stopped filling. Do not flush the toilet. Wait about twenty minutes: if the food coloring or dye appears in the toilet bowl, the flapper vavle(#2) or drain or valve seat (#3) is leaking and needs to be replaced.

toilet tank parts

The second most-common type of leak is caused by an improperly adjusted or broken fill (ball cock) valve (#10) . If the float is set too high or if the shut-off valve fails to close completely, water will continue to enter the tank and flow into the overflow tube. This type of leak can be seen simply by taking the tank top off and observing if water is flowing into the overflow tube once the tank is full.

How a toilet flushes:

When the tank lever handle has been pressed, it lifts the flapper/tank ball by a chain/wire. This opens the flush valve, releasing water through the jet hole and rim into the bowl, where gravity siphons the existing bowl water down the trap.

Once the flapper/tank ball drops back onto the flush valve seat and the tank begins to fill with fresh water supplied by the filln valve. As the water rises in the tank, the float cup/float ball rises with the incoming water until the preset refill level is reached.

toilet flapper fill flush valve

Basic Areas of Toilet Repair

FILL components refill the toilet tank after it has been emptied by a flush.

FLUSH components control the release of water from the tank into the toilet bowl once the tank lever/handle has been pressed.

Most toilets CONNECT between areas like the water supply, toilet bowl, seat or floor, and require special parts for secure, durable attachment.

What does "anti-siphon" mean?
To many people, "anti-siphon" is a technical term best understood by plumbers and engineers. In reality, it's a very easy concept to grasp.

Anti-siphon describes the design of a plumbing product (in our case the 400A Toilet Fill Valve) that prevents "backflow" or "back-siphonage". Either is a circumstance in which water (possibly used or impure) unintentionally flows back into the drinkable water supply via negative pressure. Negative pressure in a municipal water supply is not common, but can occur (as could happen when a nearby fire hydrant is opened).

Why is backflow hazardous?
Common cleansers, insecticides and untreated organic matter all pose a threat to household health and safety if accidentally back-siphoned from the toilet tank into the drinking water supply. Backflow/back-siphonage must be prevented to ward off such contamination.

Plumbing codes and standards both require anti-siphon design.
According to current codes and standards, anti-siphon operation is required for all toilet tank fill valves. The difference between standard vs. code is much like national vs. local.

Standards are product design and performance requirements set by ASSE (American Society of Sanitary Engineering). ASSE standard 1002-86 requires anti-siphon back flow preventors on all toilet fill valves..

Codes are based upon such standards and adopted/enforced on a local (city, county or state) level.

Is your fill valve OK? Three ways to identify a code-approved fill valve.

  1. UPC SymbolLook for the UPC shield or the words "anti-siphon" somewhere on the valve.
  2. Note the presence of an air entrance at the top the valve. This could be a series of holes surrounding the top or a large air entrance around the valve operating lever. When installed, this air entrance is above the water line where it can draw air in.
  3. The valve height adjusts to allow a 1" gap between the overflow pipe and the "Critical Level" as marked on the valve. This 1" difference directs water to the overflow pipe instead of the fill valve's air entrance (where it could pollute drinkable water).

Other backflow danger zones.
Toilets aren't the only potential backflow culprits. Kitchen faucets-on-a-hose, sprinkler systems and beverage dispensers also need some type of anti-siphon protection. Even an ordinary garden hose can pose a threat when submerged in a bucket or connected to a sprayer containing chemicals.

To ensure peace-of-mind, employ anti-siphon practices throughout the house and yard. If in doubt about a fixture's backflow prevention, buy and install inexpensive backflow prevention devices for all threaded faucets.

Low-Flow Toilets-what are they?

Today's low-flow toilets were mandated by federal law in 1992 as a way to conserve water-a precious and limited natural resource. Current standards call for a maximum water usage of 1.6 GPF (gallon per flush). In the past, toilets were designed to flush with 7 GPF, then 5 GPF and more recently, 3.5 GPF.

Low-flow toilets fall into three basic technologies: gravity, pressure and vacuum-assist. Gravity-type models rely on siphonic action to draw water from the bowl down the trap. Pressure-type models use various means of adding pressure to the equation, "pushing" water through the flush process.

A proven advancement in low-flow technology is the Vacuity® from Briggs Industries and the VIP from Crane-both leading toilet manufacturers. Each features the vacuum-assisted VAC® high performance, low gallonage flushing system. Originally patented and designed by Fluidmaster under the name The "VAC", the system is now manufactured by Briggs and Crane under licensed agreement with Fluidmaster.

Water Conservation

 Only 1% of the world's entire water supply is available for human use -- the rest is salty or locked in icecaps and glaciers. This small 1% must satisfy the planet`s agricultural, manufacturing, community, household and sanitation needs. We actually drink very little (less than 2%) of our processed "drinking water"-- the rest goes on lawns, in washing machines, and down toilets and drains!

The water we use at home doesn't just magically appear. Treated water is a carefully manufactured product, which arrives at your home only after traveling many miles of pipeline and lengthy treatment processes. It's a valuable resource that shouldn't be wasted. Are you doing all you can to conserve? These tips can help…

Replace regular toilets with low-flow (1.6 gpf) models. (Saves up to 350 gallons weekly)

  • Replace old-fashioned showerheads with low-flow (2.5 gallons per minute) models. (Saves up to 230 gallons weekly)
  • When doing laundry, never wash less than a full load. (Saves up to 100 gallons weekly)
  • Repair leaking toilets. (Saves up to 100 gallons weekly for each toilet)
  • When taking a bath, make it a shallow one with no more than three inches of water. (Saves up to 100 gallons per person weekly)
  • Don't use a running hose to "sweep" your patio, driveway or sidewalks. (Saves up to 100 gallons weekly)
  • Rinse fresh produce in a sink or pan filled with water instead of under a running faucet. (Saves up to 30 gallons weekly)
  • Run your garbage disposal only on alternate days. (Saves up to 25 gallons weekly)

Lined vs Unlined Toilet Tank


What is the difference between a lined and unlined tank for a toilet. What is the best way to go?

Answer: A lined tank is best for a basement applications as it is where the water comes in the coldest and will help prevent condensation on the outside of the tank. Main and upper floors generally do not need a lined tank.

Fixing A Double Flushing Toilet

Remove lime deposits from rinse holes around the bottom of the toilet rim with lime remover

Q  I’ve replaced nearly every part inside my toilet tank, but it still takes two flushes to take care of business. Should I just go ahead and buy a new toilet or is there something else I can do?

A  If your toilet worked well in the past and you live in an area with hard water, chances are the rinse holes around the bottom of the rim have become clogged with lime deposits. Clear rinse and siphon holes are crucial for complete flushing action. Even though the water from the tank will eventually find its way into the bowl, high water volume on the first surge is important for good flushing. There has to be a “critical mass” of water for solids to be flushed.

As a first step, ream out the rinse holes with a bent coat hanger . To do a thorough job, dry the bottom of the rim, then roll up paper towel “ropes” and seal them against the bottom of the rinse holes with plumber’s putty pushed against the bottom of the rim . Then seal the siphon jet hole with another glob of putty and pour a bottle of lime remover into the overflow pipe . Let it sit for at least eight hours to allow the lime remover to dissolve deposits. Remove everything and flush the toilet several times.

Call or Text us: 519-588-1970 or fill out this form that goes to our phones
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